Prelaturas, Ordinariatos y otras circunscripciones personales

Personal Ordinariates

Introduction

Personal Ordinariates are circumscriptions within the Catholic Church, established by Pope Benedict XVI with the Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus on 4 November 2009 (AAS 101 [2009], 985-990) for the pastoral care of faithful received into the Catholic Church from Anglicanism. The Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus and the accompanying Complementary Norms, published by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, along with the other norms of the Universal Law of the Catholic Church (cf. Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, n. II), provide the primary structure for the regulation of Personal Ordinariates. The main characteristics are as follows:

* They are ecclesiastical circumscriptions: these are entities of the self-organization of the Catholic Church, composed of a community of faithful that is entrusted to a Pastor and a clergy, and which is therefore structured in a hierarchical way (cf. Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, nn. I §4 y IV). Other examples of ecclesiastical circumscriptions are Dioceses, Territorial Prelatures, Apostolic Vicariates, Apostolic Prefectures, Personal Prelatures, Military Ordinariates, Ritual Ordinariates, and Apostolic Administrations erected in a stable manner;

* They are personal: the criteria for delimitation are personal (faithful of the Catholic Church originally belonging to the Anglican Communion or members of a family belonging to the Ordinariate: cf. Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus n. I §4 and Complementary Norms, art. 5) rather than territorial (such as place of residence within a Diocese). Other personal circumscriptions include Military Ordinariates, Personal Prelatures, and Ritual Ordinariates;

* They are entrusted to an Ordinary, named by the Roman Pontiff as its Pastor, who governs with ordinary power (potestas), that in this case is qualified asvicarious of the Pope (cf. Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, nn. IV y V); [Vid. Ordinary of the personal Ordinariate]

* They maintain, within the Catholic Church, certain spiritual, liturgical, and pastoral traditions of the Anglican Communion (cf.Apostolic Constitution  Anglicanorum coetibus, n. III).

Personal Ordinariates are erected by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith within the confines of the territorial boundaries of a particular Conference of Bishops in consultation with that same Conference (cf. Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, n. I). [Vid. Personal Ordinariates erected]

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